Elm wood was also the preferred choice for coffins. Smaller than those of the wych elm at 4–9cm in length. Leaves are rough to the touch on the top surface.Identified in winter by: the sparse reddish hairs on buds and twigs. In Greek mythology the nymph Ptelea (Πτελέα, Elm) was one of the eight Hamadryads, nymphs of the forest and daughters of Oxylos and Hamadryas. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. Elms used to be associated with melancholy and death, probably because the trees can drop dead branches without warning. Buds are oval, pointed and hairy. The twigs are finely hairy. The tree belongs to the genus Ulmus and is a member of the Elm family. Due to the devastating effects of Dutch elm disease in the 20th century, the English elm is rarely found as large tree, but is more common as a shrub along hedgerows, or sometimes in woodlands. Other elms or hazel (Corylus avellana). We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Burls of English Elm are frequently referred to as Carpathian Elm burl. Mature trees grow to 30m and can live for more than 100 years. We want to make sure everyone in the UK has the chance to plant a tree. Once they’ve been pollinated by wind, the flowers develop into tiny winged fruits, known as samaras. The twigs are finely hairy. Cherry Bark Elm Tree. Elms are highly susceptible to Dutch elm disease, a fungal disease which devastated populations since it arrived in the UK in the 1960s.They can also be affected by galls from aphids, which migrate from fruit cultivated trees. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Many species rely on English elm for food. In the past, English elm dominated the British landscape, but has been ravaged by Dutch elm disease since the 1960s. Elms were dedicated to Morpheus, the god of sleep. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. Mature trees grow to 30m and can live for more than 100 years. GB520 6111 04. Elm grows best in well-drained soil in hedgerows and woodland. Also known as Marn elm, this species of elm is a deciduous tree and is one … The Wildlife Trusts: Protecting Wildlife for the Future. Flowers are dark pink to red and hang in tassels, appearing between February and March. The bark is grey brown, rough and fissured, often with suckers growing from the base of the trunk. Scientific name: Ulmus minor. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). Paler sapwood is usually well defined. Volunteering is not only rewarding, but even just doing a little bit can have massive impact on local wildlife. Living trees are susceptible to Dutch elm disease. English elm has fewer serrations along the leaf margin which helps tell it apart from wych elm (Ulmus glabra). In his Hymn to Artemis the poet Callimachus (3rd century BC) tells how, at the age of three, the infant goddess Artemis practised her newly acquired silver bow and arrows, made for her by Hephaestus and the Cyclopes, by shooting first at an elm, then at an oak, before turning her aim on a wild animal: Huge English elms are around 130 ft. (40 m) tall with a thick trunk that’s 6.5 ft. (2 m) in diameter. Registered in England No. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable; susceptible to insect attack. 1982873. Now it is only found occasionally in hedgerows or woodland. Scientific name: Ulmus procera. Caterpillars of the white-letter hairstreak butterfly feed on elms and the species has declined dramatically since Dutch elm disease arrived in the UK. Delivery is free. VAT No. Many birds and some small mammals eat elm seeds and the leaves provide food for the caterpillars of many moths, including the peppered, light emerald and white-spotted pinion moths. With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Elms were once associated with death and melancholy. Once growing to lofty heights, but now more common in hedgerows. The deceptively named English elm was likely introduced by our Bronze Age ancestors. In winter its buds and twigs are covered in sparse reddish hairs. Credit: Alan Waterman / Alamy Stock Photo. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Top tips for an eco-friendly and sustainable Christmas, Staying safe in our woods during the pandemic. Tell us what's happening to the trees around you and help scientists track the effects of climate change on wildlife. Credit: Victor George / Alamy Stock Photo. Due to the devastating effects of Dutch elm disease in the 20th century, Wych elm is rarely found as large tree, but is more common as a…, The green spaces of our towns and gardens bring nature into our daily lives, brightening our mornings with birdsong and the busy buzzing…. The English elm cultivar ‘Atinia’ also goes by the name common elm or just English elm. The exquisite elm is capable of reaching 130 feet in height and 50 feet in width. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Origin: non-native. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. It can usually tolerate a range of pH levels in soil.Despite its common name, it may have been introduced to the UK by Bronze Age farmers, or could be native to southern England only. English elms are threatened by Dutch elm disease. It has dark pink to red flowers which hang in tassels. Elm, (genus Ulmus), genus of about 35 species of forest and ornamental shade trees of the family Ulmaceae, native primarily to north temperate areas. Family: Ulmacaea. Credit: Steve Holroyd / Alamy Stock Photo. English elm once dominated the British landscape. Help us get 50 million trees in the ground. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Elm grows best in well-drained soil in hedgerows and woodland. Credit: Nature Photographers Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. Credit: Martyn Williams / Alamy Stock Photo. These are dispersed by wind. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. The bark is grey brown, rough and fissured. The bark is grey brown, rough and fissured, often with suckers growing from the base of the trunk. Ulmus americana, generally known as the American elm or, less commonly, as the white elm or water elm, is a species of elm native to eastern North America, naturally occurring from Nova Scotia west to Alberta and Montana, and south to Florida and central Texas.The American elm is an extremely hardy tree that can withstand winter temperatures as low as −42 °C (−44 °F). Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. When you plant an English Elm, you can be satisfied knowing that your leafy friend will be with you for about 100 years, with some examples being known to reach 400 years of age. Take part in our Nature's Calendar survey. It has been used in decorative turning, and to make boats and boat parts, furniture, wheel hubs, wooden water pipes, floorboards and coffins. Many are cultivated for their height and attractive foliage. English elm. SC038885). English elms are hermaphrodites, meaning both male and female reproductive parts are contained within the same flower. Look out for: the distinctive asymmetric leaf bases common to all elms. Elm wood is used in constructing boats and farm buildings because it is durable underwater; it is also used for furniture. Registered charity number 207238. Due to the devastating effects of Dutch elm disease in the 20th century, the English elm is rarely found as large tree, but is more common as a shrub along hedgerows, or sometimes in woodlands. Its leaves measure around 4–9cm in length. This fast-growing elm is one of the largest deciduous trees in Europe. They are round to oval, toothed with a rough, hairy surface. Common name: English elm. Quick facts. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. 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